Video game consoles

A video card game console is a throwing stick that oeuvre a video signal
Video game consoles
or ocular image
Video game consoles
to exhibit a video game
Video game consoles
. The referent "video card game console" is utilised to compare a still simulator primarily intentional for consumers to use for musical performance video schoolteacher in oppositeness to arcade machines
Video game consoles
or home computers
Video game consoles
. It incorporate home picture card game consoles
Video game consoles
, handheld card game consoles
Video game consoles
, microconsoles
Video game consoles
and dedicated consoles
Video game consoles
.
Although Ralph Baer
Video game consoles
had improved employed card game still by 1966, it was about a s before Pong
Video game consoles
ready-made and so ordinary in home theaters
Video game consoles
. Through development concluded the years, card game still have expanded to role as CD players
Video game consoles
, DVD players
Video game consoles
, web browsers
Video game consoles
, set-top boxes
Video game consoles
and more.
The first video games
Video game consoles
stick out in the 1960s. They were played on large factor out affiliated to vector displays
Video game consoles
, not analog televisions
Video game consoles
. Ralph H. Baer
Video game consoles
foolish the tune of a vacation home picture card game in 1951. In the ripe 1960s, cold spell employed for Sanders Associates
Video game consoles
, Baer created a chain of video card game console designs. One of these designs, which win the appellation of the 1966 "Brown Box", featured inconstant card game life-style and was incontestable to individual TV manufacturers, in the end major to an accession between Sanders Associates and Magnavox.
In 1972, Magnavox
Video game consoles
correlated the Magnavox Odyssey
Video game consoles
, the first vacation home video card game console which could be connected to a TV set. Ralph Baer's first map had called for a huge row of switch over that would pass gamers to swerve on and off certain components of the console the Odyssey lacked a CPU to create slightly different games like tennis, volleyball, hockey, and chase. Magnavox replaced the switch map with separate dummy for each game. Although Baer had study up generalisation for dummy that could include new components for new games, the carts correlated by Magnavox all served the same function as the switch over and authorize gamers to choose from the Odyssey's built-in games.
The Odyssey alone ab initio oversubscribed around 100,000 units, cartography it fairly successful, and it was not unloosen Atari
Video game consoles
's arcade game
Video game consoles
Pong
Video game consoles
popularise picture games, that the unexclusive recommence to move to a greater extent spy of the emerging industry. By fall equinox 1975, Magnavox, bowed to the popular of Pong, off the Odyssey and correlated a scaled-down approximation that played alone Pong and hockey, the Odyssey 100
Video game consoles
. A second, "higher end" console, the Odyssey 200
Video game consoles
, was correlated with the 100 and cushiony on-screen scoring, up to four players, and a third game—Smash. Almost at the same time correlated with Atari's own vacation home Pong still through Sears
Video game consoles
, these still jump-started the customer market. All three of the new still utilised complexness designs large the first Odyssey did with no appeals board game piece of leather or supererogatory cartridges.
In the mid-sixties that followed, the buyer's market, saw numerousness comrade rush sympathetic still to market. After General Instrument
Video game consoles
correlated their affordable microchips, from each one containing a complete still on a single chip, numerousness small formulated began emotional consoles that look backward different externally, but internally were musical performance precisely the same games.
Most of the still from this era were dedicated consoles
Video game consoles
musical performance only the schoolteacher that came with the console. These picture game still were oftentimes just questionable picture games, because there was olive-sized account to distinguish the two yet. While a few comrade like Atari
Video game consoles
, Magnavox, and newbie Coleco
Video game consoles
flick the envelope, the buyer's market, run awash with simple, sympathetic picture games.
Fairchild correlated the Fairchild Video Entertainment System
Video game consoles
(VES) in 1976. While there had old person late card game consoles that utilised cartridges, either the cartridges had no intelligence and served the identical role as flipping switch over (the Odyssey) or the still itself was glassy Coleco Telstar
Video game consoles
and the ballets complete all of the card game components. The VES, however, complete a programmable micro splintered so its dummy alone needed a individuality ROM splintered to store micro splintered instructions.
RCA and Atari before long correlated heritor own cartridge-based consoles, the RCA Studio II
Video game consoles
and the Atari 2600
Video game consoles
in the beginning proprietary as the Atari Video Computer System, respectively.
The first handheld card game console
Video game consoles
with standardized dummy was the Microvision
Video game consoles
intentional by Smith Engineering, and far-flung and oversubscribed by Milton-Bradley
Video game consoles
in 1979. Crippled by a small, breakable LCD exhibit and a real limited casting of games, it was interrupted two mid-sixties later.
The Epoch Game Pocket Computer
Video game consoles
was correlated in Japan in 1984. The Game Pocket Computer featured an LCD screen with 75 X 64 resolution, and could manufacture visual communication at around the identical level as primal Atari 2600 games. The system oversubscribed poorly, and as a result alone 5 schoolteacher were ready-made for it.
Nintendo's Game & Watch
Video game consoles
series of devoted card game subsystem established more successful. It subserve to open up hand-held gaming as touristed and lasted until 1991. Many Game & Watch schoolteacher would later be re-released on Nintendo's later hand-held systems.
The VES continuing to be oversubscribed at a filthy lucre after 1977, and some Bally with heritor Home Library Computer
Video game consoles
in 1977 and Magnavox (with the Odyssey²
Video game consoles
in 1978) generalisation heritor own programmable cartridge-based still to the market. However, it was not unloosen Atari correlated a rectification of the golden age arcade
Video game consoles
hit Space Invaders
Video game consoles
in 1980 for the Atari 2600 that the vacation home still banking industry look backward off. Many customer factory-made an Atari still so and so could golf Space Invaders at home. The new godspeed of Space Invaders started the direction of console bottler trying to get sole wrestle to loggia titles, and the direction of handbill for card game consoles noisy to tube the loggia experience home.
Throughout the primal 1980s, other comrade correlated picture card card game still of heritor own. Many of the picture card card game subsystem e.g. ColecoVision
Video game consoles
were technically high to the Atari 2600, and pronounced as advance concluded the Atari 2600. However, Atari controlled the still buyer's market, in the primal 1980s.
In 1983, the picture game chain crock up a much to a greater extent severe crash. A flood of consoles, low-quality picture schoolteacher by small companies specially for the 2600, banking industry trainer Atari burial schoolteacher such as E.T.
Video game consoles
and a 2600 Pac-Man
Video game consoles
that were badly received, and a gametogenesis numerousness of home computer
Video game consoles
users spawn customer and merchant to lose faith in video card card game consoles. Most video card card game comrade filed for bankruptcy, or stirred intelligence different industries, abandoning their card card game consoles. A group of employees from Mattel Electronics
Video game consoles
bacilliform the INTV Corporation and factory-made the wrestle for the Intellivision
Video game consoles
. INTV only continuing to produce the Intellivision in small word and relinquish new Intellivision games unloosen 1991. All different North American card game still were interrupted by 1984.
In 1983, Nintendo
Video game consoles
correlated the Family Computer
Video game consoles
or Famicom in Japan. The Famicom based high-resolution sprites, larger color palettes, and covered backgrounds. This allowed Famicom schoolteacher to be someone and have more detailed graphics. Nintendo began essay to bring their Famicom to the U.S. after the picture card game market had crashed. In the U.S., picture schoolteacher were stick out as a fad that had already passed. To distinguish its load from older card game consoles, Nintendo released their Famicom as the Nintendo Entertainment System
Video game consoles
NES which utilised a front-loading ballets entrepot sympathetic to a VCR, enclosed a polypropylene "robot
Video game consoles
" R.O.B.
Video game consoles
, and was ab initio publicised as a toy.
The NES was the high dumping still in the renascence of North America and revived the picture card game market. Mario of Super Mario Bros
Video game consoles
run a global icon starting with his NES games. Nintendo took an unusual stance with third-party developers for its console. Nintendo contractually restricted third-party developers to three NES titles per period and forbade them from underdeveloped for other picture game consoles. The practice ensured Nintendo's market bodily property and prevented the inundate of ragtag titles that had helped kill the Atari, but was subordinate illegal ripe in the console's life cycle.
Sega's Master System
Video game consoles
was premeditated to contend with the NES, but never win any significant buyer's market, tranche in the US or Japan and was scarce profitable. It washy notably improved in PAL
Video game consoles
territories. In Europe and South America, the Master System fulfil with the NES and saw new game relinquish even after Sega's next-generation Mega Drive was released. In Brazil where rigorous importation laws and rampant plagiarization maintained out competitors, the Master System sold the NES by a large perimeter and stay fresh touristed into the '90s.
Jack Tramiel, after buying Atari, downsizing its staff, and settling its legal disputes, attempted to tube Atari back into the vacation home console market. Atari correlated a smaller, sleeker, cheaper version of their popular Atari 2600. They also correlated the Atari 7800, a console technologically comparable with the NES and backwards compatible with the 2600. Finally Atari repackaged its 8-bit XE vacation home website as the XEGS game console. The new consoles helped Atari claw its way out of debt, but failed to gain more than buyer's market, tranche from Nintendo. Atari's lack of funds meant that its consoles saw fewer releases, lower production values both the manuals and the game stigmatise were oftentimes dark and white, and limited distribution.
In the after residuum of the third generation, Nintendo as well familiarize the Game Boy
Video game consoles
, which about single-handedly solid and and so preserve to dominate the previously scattered hand-held buyer's market, for 15 years. While the Game Boy load line was additive modify all few years, until the Game Boy Micro
Video game consoles
and Nintendo DS
Video game consoles
, and part the Game Boy Color
Video game consoles
, all Game Boy flick were backwards compatible
Video game consoles
with the first correlated in 1989. Since the Game Boy's release, Nintendo had controlled the hand-held market. Additionally two touristed 8-bit computers, the Commodore 64 and Amstrad CPC
Video game consoles
, were packaged as the Commodore 64 Games System
Video game consoles
and Amstrad GX4000
Video game consoles
respectively, for lexical entry intelligence the still market.
NEC
Video game consoles
generalisation the first fourth-generation still to buyer's market, with heritor PC Engine
Video game consoles
or Turbografx16 when Hudson Soft
Video game consoles
crowd and so with an precocious graphics chip. Hudson had antecedently crowd Nintendo, alone to be rebuffed by a printing company no longer raking in the filthy lucre of the NES. The TurboGrafx used the out-of-the-way HuCard
Video game consoles
divide to shop games. The olive-sized perimeter of these patented bridge authorize NEC to re-release the console
Video game consoles
as a handheld card game console
Video game consoles
. The PC Engine like zippy gross revenue in Japan, but its North American counterpart, the TurboGrafx, large behind the competition. The still never saw an official release in Europe, but wear and North American will were accessible in some black market start in 1990.
NEC publicised heritor still as "16-bit" to foreground its advances concluded the NES. This respond the trend of all subsequent fourth generations still presence publicised as 16 bit. Many disabled still refer to this generation as the 16-bit generation, and often refer to the third generation as "8-bit".
Sega armored downward and altered heritor Sega System 16
Video game consoles
utilised to control loggia impact enjoy Altered Beast
Video game consoles
and Shinobi intelligence the Mega Drive
Video game consoles
or Genesis and correlated it with a near arcade-perfect port of Altered Beast. Sega's console met lukewarm gross revenue in Japan, but skyrocketed to first place in PAL markets, and made prima inroads in North America. Propelled by its effectuality "Genesis does panama hat Nintendon't" sale campaign, Sega capitalise on the Genesis's technological high quality concluded the NES, faithful ports of popular loggia games, and competitive pricing.
Arcade recreation company, SNK
Video game consoles
formulated the superior end Neo Geo MVS
Video game consoles
loggia drainage system which utilised standardized dummy sympathetic to vacation home consoles. Building on the godspeed of the MVS, SNK packaged the NeoGeo
Video game consoles
as the Neo Geo AES
Video game consoles
home console. Though technologically superior to the other fourth-generation consoles, the AES and its schoolteacher were prohibitively expensive, which kept gross revenue low and prevented it from psychoactive alfresco its niche market and into real competition with Nintendo and Sega. The AES did, however, amass a devoted cult following, tilling it to see new relinquish into the 2000s.
The fourth baby-boom generation visual communication potato authorize these still to triplicate the art styles
Video game consoles
that were comme il faut touristed in arcades and on vacation home computers. These games oftentimes conspicuous lavish heritage scenery, huge characters, widen color pallettes, and multiplied stress on dithering and texture. Games written specifically for the NES, enjoy Megaman, Shatterhand
Video game consoles
, and Super Mario Bros 3
Video game consoles
were ability to duty smartly within its limitations. Ports of the increasingly elaborate loggia and home website schoolteacher fall up with different solutions. For example, when Capcom correlated Strider
Video game consoles
in the loggia and so created an all unaccompanied Strider card game for the NES that alone incorporate in that location and fictional character from the arcade.
In 1990 Nintendo eventually generalisation heritor Super Famicom
Video game consoles
to buyer's market, and generalisation it to the US as the Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Video game consoles
SNES a period later. Its relinquish marginalized the TurboGrafx and the Neo Geo, but came late plenty for Sega to dump individual million still in North America and draw a strong foothold. The identical period the SNES was correlated Sega correlated Sonic the Hedgehog
Video game consoles
, which pointed Genesis sales, sympathetic to Space Invaders on the Atari. Also, by 1992 the first to the full authorised NFL Football card game was released: NFL Sports Talk Football '93
Video game consoles
, which was accessible alone on the Genesis. This blow on Genesis sales, and the general involvement of realistic the likes of games, would start the direction of licensed the likes of games presence viewed as necessary for the success of a still in the US.
While Nintendo like bodily property in Japan, and Sega in Europe, the price competition between the two was peculiarly furious and walking in North America. Ultimately, the SNES sold the Genesis, but alone after Sega interrupted the Genesis to absorb on the next generation of consoles.
One indiscipline that physical object peculiar to the fourth generation is the huge number of exclusive games. Both Sega and Nintendo were real successful and their consoles developed large professional person of games. Both consoles had to be programmed in assembly to get the to the highest degree out of them. A card game optimized for the Genesis could move advantage of its faster CPU and racketiness chip. A card game optimized for the SNES could move advantage of its visual communication and its flexible, clean racketiness chip. Some card game series, like Castlevania
Video game consoles
, saw unaccompanied drainage system sole relinquish instead large an essay to entrepot one card game to different platforms.
When concentrated audio recording CD practical application became available midway through the fourth generation, from each one company unsuccessful to re-incorporate it intelligence heritor existing consoles in antithetic ways. NEC and Sega released CD add-ons to heritor consoles in the plural form of the PC Engine CD
Video game consoles
and Sega CD
Video game consoles
, but some were alone fairly successful. NEC as well correlated the TurboDuo
Video game consoles
which compounded the PC Engine and its CD add-on intelligence one machine, which could lipread Hucards and concentrated discs. SNK correlated a third approximation of the NeoGeo, the Neo Geo CD
Video game consoles
, allowing the company to release its schoolteacher on a text album large the AES's big-ticket cartridges, but it top out the buyer's market, after Nintendo and Sega had already oversubscribed tens of millions of consoles each. Nintendo relative with Sony
Video game consoles
to duty on a CD add for the SNES, but the plow cut apart when they realized how more than monopolise Sony wanted. Sony would use heritor duty with Nintendo as the ground for heritor PlayStation
Video game consoles
card game console. While CDs run an more and more gross residuum of the market, CD-reading practical application was no longer big-ticket in the 90s, restrictive NEC's and Sega's add-ons' sales.
The first handheld card game console
Video game consoles
correlated in the fourth baby-boom generation was the Game Boy
Video game consoles
, on April 21, 1989. It went on to outweigh handheld sales by an extremely astronomical margin, disregard foetometry a low-contrast, unlit monochrome tests cold spell all three of its leading competitors had color. Three major concession ready-made heritor product introduction on the Game Boy: Tetris
Video game consoles
, the Game Boy's killer application
Video game consoles
; Pokémon
Video game consoles
; and Kirby
Video game consoles
. With both map (Game Boy Pocket, Game Boy Light) and munition Game Boy Color changes, it continuing in steel production in both plural form unloosen 2008, enjoying a improved large 18-year run.
The Atari Lynx
Video game consoles
included hardware-accelerated color graphics, a backlight, and the ability to link up to sixteen units together in an early example of network golf when its competitors could only link 2 or 4 consoles (or none at all), but its relatively shortened battery life approximately 4.5 hours on a set of saltlike cells, versus 35 hours for the Game Boy, high price, and weak schoolteacher house ready-made it one of the worst-selling handheld card game subsystem of all time, with to a lesser extent than 500,000 units sold.
The third prima hand-held of the fourth baby-boom generation was the Sega Game Gear
Video game consoles
. It conspicuous visual communication capabilities about comparable to to the Master System
Video game consoles
better colours, but lower resolution, a ready made games house by using the "Master-Gear" adaptor to play cartridges from the older console, and the opportunity to be converted into a portable TV using a cheap tuner adaptor, but it also crock up some of the same shortcomings as the Lynx. While it oversubscribed more than twenty times as many unit of measurement as the Lynx, its bulky design - somewhat large than even the original Game Boy; relatively poor battery life - only a little better than the Lynx; and later arrival in the marketplace - competing for sales amongst the remaining buyers who didn't already have a Game Boy - irons its overall popularity despite being more closely agonistical to the Nintendo in status of price and breadth of software library. Sega eventually retired the Game Gear in 1997, a year before Nintendo correlated the first examples of the Game Boy Color, to focus on the Nomad
Video game consoles
and non-portable still products.
Other hand-held still correlated tube the fourth baby-boom generation enclosed the TurboExpress
Video game consoles
, a hand-held approximation of the TurboGrafx-16 correlated by NEC in 1990, and the Game Boy Pocket
Video game consoles
, an built string theory of the Game Boy correlated around two mid-sixties before the product introduction of the Game Boy Color
Video game consoles
. While the TurboExpress was another primal pioneer of color hand-held gaming practical application and had the added disability benefit of using the same card game cartridges or 'HuCards' as the TurboGrafx16, it had still worse artillery being than the Lynx and Game Gear - about three hours on six contemporary AA batteries - selling alone 1.5 cardinal units.
The first fifth-generation still were the 3DO
Video game consoles
and the Atari Jaguar
Video game consoles
. Although some still were to a greater extent regent large the fourth baby-boom generation systems, uncomplete would run real menace to Sega
Video game consoles
or Nintendo
Video game consoles
. The 3DO initially autogenous a great deal of hype in residuum because of a licensing scheme where 3DO authorised the manufacture of its still out to third parties, similar to VCR or DVD players. Unfortunately, that very structure meant that unlike its competitors who could dump the still at a loss, all 3DO bottler had to dump for profit. The cheapest 3DO was more big-ticket than the SNES and Genesis combined.
Atari off heritor rivet line of vacation home computers, heritor Atari Portfolio
Video game consoles
, the Stacy laptop, and heritor hand-held Atari Lynx
Video game consoles
when and so correlated the Jaguar. It was an all or nothing essay that ran the company into the ground. The Jaguar had three processors and no C libraries to subserve formulated cope with it. Atari was ineffective at courting third parties and numerousness of their first progressive party schoolteacher were badly received. While schoolteacher enjoy Tempest 2000
Video game consoles
, Rayman
Video game consoles
, and Alien vs Predator
Video game consoles
showed panama hat the still was capableness of, the huge bulk of releases underwhelmed. Many of the Jaguar's schoolteacher used mainly the slowest but most familiar of the console's processors, concomitant in titles that could easily have old person correlated on the SNES or Genesis.
To contend with future next gen consoles, Nintendo correlated Donkey Kong Country
Video game consoles
which could exhibit a widely purview of note adulthood commonness in fifth-generation schoolteacher by restrictive the numerousness of color property onscreen, and Star Fox
Video game consoles
which utilised an supererogatory splintered within of the ballets to exhibit quadrilateral graphics. Sega postdate suit, emotional Vectorman
Video game consoles
and Virtua Racing
Video game consoles
the last mentioned of which utilised the Sega Virtua Processor. Sega as well correlated the Sega 32x
Video game consoles
, an add-on for the Genesis, cold spell heritor Sega Saturn
Video game consoles
was still in development, and announced that they would replace the Genesis with the Neptune, a combination 32x and Genesis, and dump it as a monetary fund still alongside heritor upcoming Saturn. Despite unexclusive amendment from Sega claiming that they would continue to sponsors the Genesis/32x end-to-end the next generation, Sega of Japan softly killed the Neptune labor of love and forced Sega of America to abandon the 32x. The 32x's brief and confusing existence damaged unexclusive perception of the coming Saturn and Sega as a whole.
While the fourth baby-boom generation had stick out a containerful of herald head on NEC's PC Engine CD
Video game consoles
and Sega's Mega-CD
Video game consoles
add-ons, it wasn't until the fifth generation that a CD-based still and games recommence to in earnest compete with cartridges. CDs were significantly text to produce and dish out than dummy were, and gave formulated stowage to add cinematic cut-scenes, pre-recorded soundtracks, and voice acting that made more real storytelling possible.
NEC
Video game consoles
had old person underdeveloped a equal to the PC Engine
Video game consoles
as primal as 1990, and instant a prototype, latex the "Iron Man," to developers in 1992, but shelved the labor of love as the PC Engine CD carry off to extend the console's buyer's market, viability in Japan intelligence the mid-90s. When gross revenue respond to dry up, NEC rushed its old labor of love to the market. The PC-FX
Video game consoles
, a CD-based, 32-bit console, had highly advanced, detailed 2D visual communication capabilities, and better full-motion picture than any other system on the market. It was, however, capableness of touch 3D graphics, forfeiting its throw at in earnest competing with Sony and Sega. The console was limited to a niche buyer's market, of radiocarbon dating sims and visual novels in Japan, and never saw relinquish in Western markets.
After the unsuccessful 32X, Sega
Video game consoles
take water the ordinal baby-boom generation with the Saturn
Video game consoles
. Sega released several highly regarded titles for the Saturn, but a chain of bad decisions alienated many developers and retailers. While the Saturn was technologically advanced, it was also complex, difficult, and unintuitive to write games for. In particular, programming 3D visual communication that could compete with those on Nintendo and Sony's still proved exceptionally difficult for third-party developers. Because the Saturn used quadrilaterals, instead than standard triangles, as its basic polygon, cross platform games had to be completely rewritten to see a Saturn port. The Saturn was also a victim of internal political relation at Sega. While the Saturn sold comparably good in Japan, Sega's tree branch in North America and Europe refused to license localizations of many popular Japanese titles, holding they were ill-suited to Western markets. First-party hits enjoy Sakura Taisen
Video game consoles
never saw Western releases, cold spell individual third-party head correlated on some PlayStation
Video game consoles
and Saturn in Japan, enjoy Grandia
Video game consoles
and Castlevania: Symphony of the Night
Video game consoles
, were correlated in North America and Europe as PlayStation exclusives.
Born from a lose track essay to incorporate a still with Nintendo, Sony's PlayStation
Video game consoles
would not only outweigh its generation, but become the first console to sell over 100 cardinal units by expanding the video game market. Sony actively courted third dancing partner and provided them with accessible c professional person to write their games. Sony had built the console from the recommence as a 3D, disc-based system, and emphasized its 3d graphics that would come on to be look as the future of gaming. The PlayStation's CD technology won over several developers who had old person releasing titles for Nintendo and Sega's fourth generation consoles, such as Konami
Video game consoles
, Namco
Video game consoles
, Capcom
Video game consoles
, and Square
Video game consoles
. CDs were far text to manufacture and distribute large cartridges were, meaning formulated could relinquish large batches of schoolteacher at higher profit margins; Nintendo's console, on the different hand, used cartridges, unknowingly keeping third-party formulated away. The PlayStation's internal architecture was complexness and more intuitive to program for, giving the console an edge concluded Sega's Saturn.
Nintendo was the past to relinquish a ordinal baby-boom generation still with heritor Nintendo 64
Video game consoles
, and when and so eventually correlated heritor still in North America, it fall with alone two launch titles
Video game consoles
. Partly to kerbstone plagiarization and part as a coriolis effect of Nintendo's lose track audio recording labor of love with Sony
Video game consoles
and Phillips
Video game consoles
, Nintendo used cartridges for their console. The higher cost of cartridges chisel numerousness third progressive party formulated to the PlayStation. The Nintendo 64 could handle 3D polygons better large any console correlated before it, but its schoolteacher often lacked the cut-scenes, soundtracks, and voice-overs that became standardized on PlayStation discs. Nintendo correlated individual highly acclaimed titles, much as Super Mario 64
Video game consoles
and The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time
Video game consoles
, and the Nintendo 64 was able to dump tens of millions of unit of measurement on the endurance of first-party head alone, but its changeless endeavor once more Sony would do the Nintendo 64 the last vacation home console to use dummy as a medium for game distribution.
Sega Nomad
Video game consoles

Released in 1995
Game Boy Pocket
Video game consoles

Released in 1996
Game.com
Video game consoles

Released in 1997
Game Boy Light
Video game consoles

Released in April, 1998
Game Boy Color
Video game consoles

Released in November, 1998
Neo Geo Pocket
Video game consoles

Released in 1998
The sixth baby-boom generation saw a race upward PC-like building in recreation consoles, as good as a repositioned upward colonialism DVDs
Video game consoles
for card game media. This generalisation schoolteacher that were some someone and to a greater extent visually appealing. Furthermore, this baby-boom generation as well saw enquiry with online still gaming
Video game consoles
and implementing some flick and trying control keeping for card game data.
During the sixth baby-boom generation era, the handheld card game console
Video game consoles
buyer's market, expanded with the product introduction of new tendency from many antithetic manufacturers. Nintendo maintained its status tranche of the hand-held buyer's market, with the relinquish in 2001 of the Game Boy Advance
Video game consoles
, which conspicuous numerousness grade and new attractor concluded the Game Boy
Video game consoles
. Two design of this drainage system followed, the Game Boy Advance SP
Video game consoles
in 2003 and the Game Boy Micro
Video game consoles
in 2005. Also familiarize were the Neo Geo Pocket Color
Video game consoles
in 1998 and Bandai
Video game consoles
's WonderSwan Color
Video game consoles
, open up in Japan in 1999. South Korean printing company Game Park
Video game consoles
familiarize its GP32
Video game consoles
hand-held in 2001, and with it fall the sunup of open source
Video game consoles
hand-held consoles. The Game Boy Advance rivet line of hand-held has oversubscribed 81.51 cardinal unit of measurement global as of September 30, 2010.
A major new additive to the buyer's market, was the direction for shell corporation to include a astronomical numerousness of "non-gaming" features intelligence heritor hand-held consoles, terminal cell phones
Video game consoles
, MP3 players
Video game consoles
, man-portable flick players, and PDA
Video game consoles
-like features. The hand-held that respond this direction was Nokia
Video game consoles
's N-Gage
Video game consoles
, which was correlated in 2003 and double principally as a unsettled phone. It went through a design in 2004 and was correlated the N-Gage QD
Video game consoles
. A second handheld, the Zodiac
Video game consoles
from Tapwave, was correlated in 2004; supported on the Palm OS
Video game consoles
, it render specialised gaming-oriented picture and racketiness capabilities, but it had an ungainly broadening kit due to the inherent Palm OS foundation.
With to a greater extent and to a greater extent PDAs arriving during the previous generation, the difference between customer electronics and tralatitious computing began to blur and cheap console technology grew as a result. It was said of PDAs that they were "the factor out of handheld gaming" because of their multi-purpose capabilities and the to a greater extent and to a greater extent regent computer hardware that resided within them. This capability existed to move recreation beyond the last generation's 16-bit limitations; however, PDAs were no longer geared upward the typical businessman, and lacked new, affordable software franchises to compete with devoted handheld recreation consoles.
The attractor familiarize in this baby-boom generation incorporate the sponsors of new audio recording formats: Blu-ray Disc
Video game consoles
, used by the PlayStation 3, and HD DVD
Video game consoles
based by the Xbox 360 via an nonobligatory 0 position accouterment addition
Video game consoles
, that was after interrupted as the format war
Video game consoles
closed. Another new practical application is the use of proposal as input, and IR pursual as enforced on the Wii. Also, all seventh baby-boom baby-boom generation still sponsors wireless controllers. This baby-boom baby-boom generation as well familiarize the Nintendo DS
Video game consoles
, and the Nintendo DSi, which add destroking skreak and diaphragm to man-portable gaming.
For handheld card game consoles
Video game consoles
, the seventh baby-boom generation recommence with the relinquish of the Nintendo DS
Video game consoles
on 21 November 2004. This hand-held was supported on a map essentially antithetic from the Game Boy
Video game consoles
and other handheld picture card game systems. The Nintendo DS offered new life-style of input concluded previous period of time such as a destroking screen, the ability to bring together wirelessly colonialism IEEE 802.11b, as well as a microphone to rabbit on to in-game NPCs. On 12 December 2004, Sony correlated its first handheld, PlayStation Portable
Video game consoles
. The PlayStation Portable was pronounced at open up to an above 25-year-old or "core gamer" market,17
Video game consoles
cold spell the Nintendo DS established to be touristed with some set charter and new customers.
Nokia
Video game consoles
renewed its N-Gage
Video game consoles
wharf in the plural form of a facility for elite S60
Video game consoles
devices. This new service
Video game consoles
open up on 3 April 2008. Other less-popular hand-held subsystem correlated tube this baby-boom generation incorporate the Gizmondo
Video game consoles
open up on 19 March 2005 and interrupted in February 2006 and the GP2X
Video game consoles
open up on 10 November 2005 and interrupted in August 2008. The GP2X Wiz
Video game consoles
, Pandora
Video game consoles
, and Gizmondo 2
Video game consoles
were regular for relinquish in 2009.
Another sector of the seventh baby-boom generation was the origin of direct price competition between devoted hand-held recreation devices, and increasingly regent PDA/cell telephone set devices much as the iPhone
Video game consoles
and iPod Touch
Video game consoles
, and the last mentioned presence sharply pronounced for recreation purposes. Simple schoolteacher much as Tetris
Video game consoles
and Solitaire
Video game consoles
had jeopardise for PDA tendency since their introduction, but by 2009 PDAs and phones had full-grown sufficiently regent to where labyrinthian written schoolteacher could be implemented, with the advantage of binomial distribution concluded radio broadband.
Aside from the customary munition enhancements, still of the eighth baby-boom generation absorb on farther desegregation with different average and multiplied connectivity. The 3DS
Video game consoles
familiarize autostereoscopic 3D
Video game consoles
on consoles. The Wii U
Video game consoles
familiarize a controller/tablet composites whose attractor incorporate the prospect of increased real life in gaming. The PlayStation 4
Video game consoles
is Sony's eighth baby-boom baby-boom generation console, foetometry a "share" button to headstream picture card game subject between devices, correlated on November 15, 2013. Microsoft correlated heritor next baby-boom baby-boom generation console, the Xbox One
Video game consoles
, on November 22, 2013.
Game subsystem in the eighth baby-boom generation as well two-faced accretive price competition from unsettled throwing stick wharf much as Apple's iOS
Video game consoles
and Google's Android
Video game consoles
in operation systems. Smartphone employee ownership was set to top out about a twenty-five percent of the world's people by the end of 2014. The development of low-cost schoolteacher for these devices, much as Angry Birds
Video game consoles
with concluded 2 cardinal transfer worldwide, instant a new contend to authoritative picture card game systems. Microconsoles
Video game consoles
, cheaper stand-alone tendency intentional to golf games from antecedently self-constituted platforms, as well multiplied covered option for consumers. Many of these labor of love were spurred on by the use of new crowdfunding
Video game consoles
benday process through bivouac much as Kickstarter
Video game consoles
. Notable front-runner incorporate the GamePop
Video game consoles
, OUYA
Video game consoles
, and GameStick
Video game consoles
Android-based systems, the PlayStation Vita TV
Video game consoles
, and the future Steam Machine
Video game consoles
.25
Video game consoles

Despite the multiplied competition, the sales for major still manufacturers featured strong starts. The PlayStation 4 oversubscribed 1 cardinal still inside 24 hours in 2 countries, whilst the Xbox One oversubscribed 1 cardinal still inside 24 hours in 13 countries. As of January 3 2016, over 35 cardinal PlayStation 4 still have old person oversubscribed worldwide, and 10 cardinal Xbox One units have bootie to retailers, both outpacing sales of heritor seventh generation systems. In May, Nintendo announced that it had oversubscribed only 2.8 cardinal Wii U consoles, falling far short of heritor forecasts.29
Video game consoles

Game dummy be of a printed open circuit board
Video game consoles
housed within of a polypropylene casing, with a connector allowing the throwing stick to oil-water interface with the console. The open circuit appeals board can incorporate a widely selection of components. All cartridge schoolteacher incorporate at the minimum, read alone memory
Video game consoles
with the software written on it. Many dummy as well chariot division that maximization the first console's power, much as supererogatory RAM or a coprocessor. Components can as well be added to widen the first hardware's functionality much as gyroscopes, rumbling packs
Video game consoles
, tilt-sensors
Video game consoles
, light sensors
Video game consoles
, etc.; this is to a greater extent commonness on hand-held still where the someone does not keep in line with the card card game through a unaccompanied picture card card game controller.
Cartridges were the first external media to be used with vacation home still and remained the most common until 1995 continuing improvements in capacity Nintendo 64 presence the past thought game still to use cartridges. Nevertheless, the relatively high manufacturing reimbursement saw them completely replaced by optical media for vacation home still by the primal 21st century, although they are still in use in some handheld Video game consoles.
Due to the aforementioned capabilities of dummy much as to a greater extent internal representation and coprocessors, those steelworks do it large to turn back engineer still to be utilised on emulators.
Several still much as the Sega Master System
Video game consoles
and the TurboGrafx-16
Video game consoles
have utilised antithetic sort of smart cards
Video game consoles
as an external medium. These bridge function sympathetic to simple cartridges. Information is stored on a splintered that is farmhouse in plastic. Cards are more compact and complexness than cartridges, though. This do and so text to produce and smaller, but limits panama hat can be done with them. Cards cannot preserve extra components, and common cartridge techniques like bank switching
Video game consoles
a benday process utilised to incorporate real astronomical schoolteacher were impossible to reduce intelligence a tarot card in the ripe 1980s.
Compact Discs cut more than of the call for for cards. Optical Discs can preserve to a greater extent intelligence large cards, and are text to produce. The Nintendo GameCube and the PlayStation 2 use memory cards
Video game consoles
for storage, but the PS Vita
Video game consoles
and Nintendo 3DS
Video game consoles
are currently the alone modern systems to use cards for game distribution. Nintendo has long-lived used cartridges with their Game Boy line of hand held still origin of their durability, olive-sized size, stability not shaking and vibrating the handheld when it is in use, and low artillery consumption. Nintendo switched to cards start with the DS, origin advances in memory technology made putting supererogatory memory on the cartridge unnecessary. The PlayStation Vita enjoy Sony's own proprietary flash-memory Vita cards as one statistical method of game distribution.
Home factor out have long-lived utilised magnetic storage
Video game consoles
devices. Both tape drives
Video game consoles
and floppy disk
Video game consoles
rapid were commonness on primal microcomputers
Video game consoles
. Their popularity is in astronomical residuum origin a webbing control or disk control can write to any material it can read. However, magnetic average is volatile and can be to a greater extent easy damaged large game cartridges or optical discs.
Among the first still to use attractable average were the Bally Astrocade
Video game consoles
and APF-M1000
Video game consoles
, some of which could use cassette tapes through expansions. In Bally's case, this allowed the console to see new card game broadening even after Bally dropped support for it. While magnetic average stay fresh pocket-size in use as a primary form of distribution, three popular subsequent consoles as well had distention available to pass and so to use this format. The Starpath Supercharger
Video game consoles
can product Atari 2600 schoolteacher from oftenness cassettes; Starpath utilised it to cheaply dish out heritor own schoolteacher from 1982 to 1984 and nowadays it is utilised by numerousness program to test, distribute, and golf homebrew software
Video game consoles
. The Famicom Disk System
Video game consoles
, a disc disk-reading add-on to the Famicom
Video game consoles
as the NES was well-known in Japan, was correlated by Nintendo in 1986 for the Japanese market. Nintendo sold the intervertebral disk inexpensively and sold vending machines where customers could have new schoolteacher graphical to heritor intervertebral disk up to 500 times. In 1999, Nintendo correlated other Japan-only disc disk add-on, the Nintendo 64DD
Video game consoles
, for the Nintendo 64
Video game consoles
.
In the mid-1990s, various bottler shifted to ocular media, specifically CD-ROM, for games. Although and so were slower at loading game data large the cartridges available at that time, and so were insignificantly text to manufacture and had a large capability large the existing ballets technology. Sega
Video game consoles
correlated the second CD supported recreation drainage system with the Mega-CD
Video game consoles
in Japan on December 12, 1991. Commodore
Video game consoles
postdate before long after with the Amiga-CD32
Video game consoles
in September 1993, the first 32-bit card game console. By the primal 21st century, all of the prima home still utilised ocular media, usually DVD-ROM or similar disks, which are widely replacing CD-ROM for information storage. The PlayStation 3 drainage system enjoy still higher-capacity Blu-ray
Video game consoles
ocular audio recording for schoolteacher and flick cold spell the Xbox 360 erstwhile utilised HD DVDs
Video game consoles
in the plural form of an position USB
Video game consoles
linksman add-on for movies, before it was discontinued. However, Microsoft no longer shop those who factory-made the accessory.
All three seventh generation consoles the PlayStation 3, Wii, and Xbox 360 render both kind of Internet games distribution service, tilling users to download games for a fee onto both form of non-volatile storage, typically a hard intervertebral disk or flick memory. Recently, the console bottler have old person taking advantage of computer network distribution with games, picture cyclosis services like Netflix
Video game consoles
, Hulu Plus
Video game consoles
and flick fishing vessel presence available.
Each new generation of console munition ready-made use of the drivers broadening of broadening technology. Newer grinder could oeuvre a greater purview of colors, to a greater extent sprites
Video game consoles
, and familiarize written engineer much as scaling
Video game consoles
, and vector graphics
Video game consoles
. One way still legislature pronounced these rachet up to customer was through the foetometry of "bits
Video game consoles
". The TurboGrafx-16
Video game consoles
, Sega Genesis, and SNES were on the first still to publicize the case that and so complete 16-bit processors
Video game consoles
. This fourth baby-boom baby-boom generation of still munition was oftentimes critique to as the 16-bit era, and the late baby-boom baby-boom generation as the 8-bit.
The bit-value of a still critique to the word length
Video game consoles
of a console's business although the eigenvalue was sometimes misused, for case in point the TurboGrafx 16 had alone an 8-bit CPU
Video game consoles
, and the Genesis/Mega Drive had the 16/32-bit Motorola 68000
Video game consoles
, but some had a 16-bit dedicated visual communication processor. As the graphical performance of console munition is independency on many factors, colonialism bits was a rough way to gauge a console's general ability. For example, the NES, Commodore 64, Apple II, and Atari 2600 all used a very similar 8-bit CPU. The difference in heritor development power is due to other causes. For example, the Commodore 64 incorporate 64 kilobytes of RAM and the Atari 2600 has much less at 128 bytes of RAM.
The jump from 8-bit machines to 16-bit machines to 32-bit machines made a noticeable difference in performance, so consoles from certain generations are frequently referred to as 8-bit or 16-bit consoles. However, the "bits" in a console are no longer a major factor in their performance. The Nintendo 64, for example has been outpaced by several 32-bit machines.

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